Chapter III: Ljubljana
Citizen Science, Research Data, Access to Knowledge, and Beyond
An event organised in cooperation between Scientific Knowledge Services, Central Technological Library at the University of Ljubljana (CTK), National and University Library of Slovenia, University of Maribor and University of Primorska University Library
Scientific Knowledge Services and its partners are introducing an exciting series of Workshops in Central Europe on the theme of Open Science. The purpose of the Workshops is to introduce the concept and values of the Open Science agenda to new communities.
We see the Workshop as an introduction to the ‘disruptive change’ which Open Science brings. The presenters will offer a complete overview of Open Science’s core elements, from the perspective of libraries. It will clearly show how Open Access, Research Data Management, E-Infrastructures and Citizen Science are connected and form a building block that represents a future role for libraries.
Does this road ahead represents a future for your library?
The language of the Workshop: English.
The sessions will be videoed and made available on the Conference website after the event. They will also be live streamed during the Workshops themselves.
WHEN: November 24th 2017,
Address: Masarykova cesta 16, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
This one-day seminar will address the following critical topics:
– Citizen Science
– Research Data Management and Long-tail Data
– Offsetting Models.
- Dr. Paul Ayris, Pro-Vice- Provost (UCL Library Services), Chief Executive, UCL Press, co-Chair of the LERU INFO Community (League of European Research Universities), Adviser to the LIBER Board;
- Prof. Dr. Daniel Wyler, Delegate of the President, for Strategic Projects at University of Zurich;
- Dr. Ignasi Labastida i Juan, Head of the Research and Innovation Unit of the CRAI at the University of Barcelona;
- Carolyn Alderson, Deputy Director of Jisc Collections, UK;
- Colleen Campbell, Partner Development at Max Planck Digital Library;
- Wilhelm Widmark, Director of Stockholm University Library and member of LIBER Board (Association of European Research Libraries)
About the speakers
Dr. Paul Ayris, University College London, UK
Dr. Tiberius Ignat, Scientific Knowledge Services
Dr Ayris is Pro-Vice- Provost (UCL Library Services). He joined UCL in 1997.
Dr Ayris was the President of LIBER (Association of European Research Libraries) 2010-14; he is now Advisor to the LIBER Board. He is Co-Chair of the LERU (League of European Research Universities) INFO Community. He chairs the OAI Organizing Committee for the Cern-Unige Workshops on Innovations in Scholarly Communication. He is also the Chair of JISC Collections’ Content Strategy Group. On 1 August 2013, Dr Ayris became Chief Executive of UCL Press. He is a member of the Provost and President’s Senior Management Team in UCL.
He has a PhD in Ecclesiastical History and publishes on English Reformation Studies.
Dr Tiberius Ignat runs Scientific Knowledge Services, a company which specialises in supporting libraries in central and eastern Europe to embrace new technologies and ways of working. He is a long-time individual member of LIBER and has a personal interest in Open Science, particularly Citizen Science. He has a Ph.D. in Library and Information Science from the University of Bucharest.
The Empires of the Future are the Empires of the Mind: Defining the Role of Libraries in the Open Science Landscape
Open Science represents a potential revolution in the way that research is undertaken, disseminated and curated. The paper will look at the main elements of the Open Science workflow – conceptualization, data gathering, analysis, publication, review – and the characteristics of that workflow – citizen science, open code, open access, pre-prints, alternative reputation systems, science blogs, open annotation, open data, open lab books/workflows, data-intensive approaches.
Having established the baseline for Open Science approaches, the paper will look at the impact of open science in 4 areas of activity, identify the current role of the Library in each and the potential the Library has to contribute to this agenda going forward. The four areas which the paper will address are open access and new publishing models, research data management, the European Open Science cloud and citizen science.
In the area of open access, libraries have customarily engaged in the payment of APCs (article processing charges) and in establishing open access repositories. The paper will look at activity in one of the most active UK open access teams at UCL and then examine future publishing models. In particular, it will show universities might themselves subvert the current monograph model by offering publishing services from university libraries.
In research data management, the outputs and outcomes of the EU-funded LEARN project will be analysed. These will dwell on research data management policy, best practice case studies, executive briefings and the findings of a survey looking at the level of preparation for RDM in research organisations across the globe. The paper will look particularly at the future role for libraries in the research data space, which the LEARN project is identifying, and suggest that research data management in the context of open science re-defines the role of the Library in research support and the research workflow.
The European open science cloud (EOSC) has the potential to put Europe at the forefront of open science developments. As a member of the high level EOSC Expert Group, the principal speaker will analyse the main drivers behind the recommendations for the development of the cloud and the future role for libraries in sustaining this revolutionary development.
Citizen science is part of citizen engagement in science and research. We observe a growing interest of citizens to contribute to a better society. In conjunction with newly-available technologies, a world of opportunities opens for research institutions. The paper will map existing experiences and recommendations from research intensive organizations and we will then present a blueprint for the roles of the library in this landscape with Guidelines for best practice.
The paper will conclude by analysing the challenges which open science presents. Rooted in the research workflow, the paper will identify the impact which open science is having on libraries and identify future roles that they can adopt in their institutions, both to support and also to help lead open science implementation.
Dr. Sonja Bezjak
Dr. Janez Štebe, ADP – Social Science Data Archives
Dr. Sonja Bezjak, employed in the ADP- Social Science Data Archives of Slovenia since 2012; she deals with various topics: open data, policy, citation, research data management etc. In addition, she is involved in training of data depositors and data users on the national and international level.
Dr. Janez Štebe, head of the ADP- Social Science Data Archives of Slovenia; he participated in numerous international and national projects on research data infrastructures, and acts as an advisor of digital preservation and open access policy issues.
Increasing number of data publications encourages reconsideration of the quality, the costs and the value of research data, both for the researcher and the research community. Research data archives deal with questions, such as, which data to select for long-term curation and how to develop measures of expert reevaluation of research data. In the first part, the paper will present the measures of the research data evaluation that were developed by the European social science data archives. Specifically, it will focus on the research data evaluation procedure of the Slovenian Social Science Data Archives (ADP) for the purpose of publishing a data collection in the catalogue of the ADP, and additionally, on the possibilities of cataloguing the data collections in the COBISS system. In the second part, the paper will discuss the available services that help to provide metrics of research data after their publication (for example data citation index etc.) , since it is well-known that the visibility of scientific results and their influence in the scientific community may be of key importance for the development of an individual’s research career.
Prof. Dr. Daniel Wyler, University of Zurich, Switzerland
Born 1949, Diploma in Physics 1974, PhD 1977.
Various research activities in theoretical particle physics and astroparticle physics.
Professor of theoretical physics at the University of Zurich, 1987 – 2015
Dean, Faculty of Natural Sciences. Vice President for Science and Medicine at the University of Zurich 2008 – 2015
Activities in science outreach and contacts to society.
Present position: Strategic advisor to the President of the University of Zurich
Activities in citizen science and open science:
Two years of involvement in citizen science. Main activities in formulating guidelines and principles for sustainable and high quality projects and the incorporation of citizen science at universities with an eye on the general setting of science in society and academia.
Author and initiator of LERU paper on citizen science and universities (2016).
Initiator and organisation of a Citizen Science Center in Zurich (ETH and University of Zurich).
Author of a book chapter for ECSA (European Citizen Science Association) on citizen science at universities (2017).
Several articles and talks on citizen science at meetings, including the ECSA annual meeting in Barcelona (2015) and at a meeting of the advisory group SWAFS (2016).
Organizing conferences and meetings on citizen science:
- November. 2015 Zürich, Standards and recommendations for citizen science
- October 2016: Kick-off meeting for Zurich Citizen Science Center
Involvement in the Swiss Network for Citizen Science
- Contacts to citizen science organizations in Europe and worldwide
- Member of EUA expert group on open science
- Co-organizer of open science activities of Swiss Academy of Natural Science
Member of Swiss working group on Open Access strategy
Participation in conferences on Open Science
Active participation of citizens in research is increasing, due to new IT-technology and novel research questions that require the participation of many people, but also due to the trend towards‚ open science strongly advocated by the European Commission. This has led, in fields as varied as astronomy, linguistics or medicine to new insights and to a widening of research areas. I will argue that citizen science is a valid research method and should be part of research agendas and strategies at universities and other public institutions. Citizen science (and more generally open science) opens new ways in how universities interact with the general public. It can be an important element when universities reflect and negotiate their place and role in society; for instance, citizen science results can be relevant in policy making.
The advantages, fields of application and challenges of citizen science are discussed and illustrated; a set of considerations and guidelines for successful projects is formulated and elaborated.
Colleen Campbell, Max Planck Digital Library, Germany
COLLEEN CAMPBELL recently joined the Max Planck Digital Library to lead Partner Development in the global Open Access 2020 Initiative. Previously, Director for Institutional Participation and Strategic Partnerships in Europe for JSTOR and Portico, she has over 20 years’ experience working in various roles within the scholarly communications sector. She is presently serving a 3-year term as an elected member of the UKSG Main Committee and recently co-edited an issue of Against the Grain on the Future of the Monograph. Combining her passions for books and people, she began work in Library acquisitions while pursuing a Theatre degree from Indiana University. She later completed an MA in Italian Studies from Middlebury College and settled near Florence, Italy.
Open Access 2020 is a global initiative that aims to induce the swift, smooth and scholarly-oriented transformation of today’s scholarly journals from subscription to open access publishing. OA2020 aims to bring a new approach to the transactional side of the publishing system and the ways in which its cash flow is organized. The goal is to achieve on a larger scale what SCOAP3 has successfully done for some core journals in the field of High-Energy Physics: to convert journals from subscription to open access by re-directing the existing subscription spend into open access funds, and from these to finance the essential services that publishers provide for scholarly communication, i.e. the administration of peer review, editing, and open access article dissemination.
The OA2020 initiative is based on the understanding that the subscription system that has underpinned scholarly journals will eventually become obsolete. Subscription belongs to an era when the challenge for the sharing of knowledge was physical distribution; a journal’s hard copies needed to be laid out, printed and shipped, with payment organized accordingly. While the modernization of the publishing industry has enabled easy distribution in a context of abundant supply, the step that has yet to happen is the cash flow’s shift from the journal level to the article level. Scholarship’s crucial publishing services should be remunerated directly, rather than indirectly through subscriptions. With such a move, the publishing system will be able to engage with the realities and potentials of the 21st century.
In considering the financial aspects of this initiative, OA2020 builds on analysis that shows that there is already enough money within journal publishing to allow for a transition to open access that will be – at a minimum – cost-neutral. This analysis is outlined in a widely-read White Paper, published by the Max Planck Digital Library in April 2015.
The key to success in the transformation from the current subscription model to Open Access publishing is in the hands of the world’s research organizations, as they decide – in tandem with their libraries – how to allocate their funds. What is required is a broad, global consensus among these organizations to withdraw all spending from journal subscriptions and re-allocate those same resources to publishing services.
Dr. Ignasi Labastida i Juan, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
Dr. Ignasi Labastida is the Head of the Office the Dissemination of Knowledge at the Universitat de Barcelona where he is also leading the Research Unit at the CRAI (Learning and Research Resource Center). From this Office he is leading different projects towards openness related to open educational resources, open access and open data within his own institution and partnering with external institutions. He has been a member of the OCW Consortium Board of Directors on behalf of Creative Commons and a member of the Administrative Council of Communia, an International Association on the Public Domain built on the eponymous Thematic Network. Currently, he is engaged in the LEARN project funded by the European Commission aimed at the implementation of the LERU Roadmap for Research Data. He is also a member of the Steering Committee of the CIO Community of the LERU.
Open science has become a buzzword in the academic environment but it has many meanings and it brings a lot of challenges to the university that wants to deal with it. The complexity of the multiple faces of open science requires having an institutional plan or roadmap to tackle it and to try to succeed. On one hand, funders and national bodies are advocating for open science to bring research closer to citizens without restrictions; and on the other hand a new generation of researchers is expecting broad institutional support for their new practices. We will share what has been done at the University of Barcelona and th experiences we have gained, hoping they could serve any other university in the same situation.
Carolyn Alderson, Jisc Collections, UK
Carolyn is deputy director at Jisc Collections, the negotiation and licensing service of Jisc in the UK. Carolyn has participated in the scholarly communications information industry since 1988, working for subscription agents Faxon, Swets and SwetsBlackwell before moving to undertake consortia licensing activity for the UK academic community at Content Complete Ltd in 2004 and then Jisc Collections in 2010. She has experienced the changes in the information industry from print subscriptions and CD-ROMs to the more recent developments and requirements of Open Access for journals and ebooks. Her responsibilities include ensuring Jisc Collections provides a continuing fit for purpose, licensing and negotiation service for its consortium of library customers, offering value, cost saving and efficiency.
In the five years since the Finch Report Jisc has been at the forefront of consortium negotiations with publishers in the UK to support a rapid transition to open access for UK research outputs. Drawing on institutional data on open access, this talk will reflect on the experience of negotiations in that period covering pure Gold, Hybrid and Green open access as Jisc, working with UK institutions, has steadily developed its approach in response to the available evidence. It will also explore the attitudes of institutions and look at the tensions around the current approach and their impact on negotiations.
Wilhelm Widmark, Director of Stockholm University Library and member of LIBER Board (Association of European Research Libraries)
Wilhelm Widmark has a master in Library and information science and a master in literature from Uppsala University in Sweden. He has worked at Stockholm University since year 2000 and has been the Library Director since 2011. He has been a member of LIBER Executive Board since 2012 and has the Chair of the Advocacy and Communications Steering Committee. In Sweden he is engaged in the movement towards Open Science and is the vice chair of Bibsam consortia. He is also a member of different steering groups within SUHF, The Swedish Association of Higher Education.
Mr. Wilhelm Widmark will talk about the new LIBER Strategy 2018 – 2022 and the work behind it as well as its implementation and consequences.
Massimiliano Carloni, Clarivate Analytics
Massimiliano Carloni (47) graduated in Electronic Engineering at Tor Vergata, E-MBA at MiB in 2008. He has been operating for over 18 years in Sales & Marketing in different sectors and markets. Massimiliano is married and a father of two daughters.
Since March 2013, he has been working in Clarivate Analytics (at that time Thomson Reuters) as Solution Consultant being in charge of pre- and post- sales customer support for European customers. Previously he was in charge of the Italian Top Accounts of Elsevier.
He has developed a deep knowledge of the academic publishing market, paying particular attention to digital platforms.
Previously, he served for five years in the defense industry, at a multinational company (Northrop Grumman), dealing with strategic marketing, business development and institutional relations.
Publishing Journal landscape has traditionally neglected Social Sciences but in the recent years, needs of better coverage and evaluation has changed the situation. Journal Indexes has developed selection criteria more fit to Social Sciences (see ESCI) and articles and reviews are not anymore the only document types taken in consideration: conference proceedings, book and books chapters and also datasets are paving the way to an improved representation of Social Sciences scholarly activities.
Krassimira Anguelova, Alexanderstreet
Krassimira Anguelova is Sales Director, Europe for Alexander Street, a Proquest Company – a leading streaming video publisher. Krassimira has over 10 years of experience in academic publishing and international sales, having managed sales and business development in all Europe, Middle East and Africa. She has extensive knowledge and experience in managing geographically disperse territory which encompasses a diverse range of professional, educational and social cultures and associated sales-generation and sales-support needs, allied with strong languages skills, as well as with relevant social and cultural awareness.
With the growth of open access, a schism between open and paid resources has arisen in academic publishing. This division is counter-productive to finding and accessing the most relevant resources for research. To close the gap, publishers, libraries and archives are working together to explore new methods of integrating open access and for-fee content that will enable scholars and students to have a comprehensive view of their disciplines. This presentation will explore two case studies of open access initiatives, Anthropology Commons and the Open Music Library, that are taking innovative approaches to publishing content that will offer integrated research and discovery experiences.
Cristina Garcia Pozuelo Sanchez, Taylor & Francis eBooks
Cristina Garcia-Pozuelo Sanchez is the Sales Executive for Ebooks working in Oxfordshire for the prestigious Taylor and Francis publisher. Cristina has been in the academic publishing world for 7 years after working as a secondary school language teacher in the South East of England. Together with her great people’s skills and numerous languages, Cristina loves the face to face contact and teamwork, enjoying very much her time at Taylor and Francis, where she takes care of Central and Eastern Europe.
In this presentation I would like to focus on eBooks and their acceptance in library and by users. We will have a look on what is an ebook and what librarians like about them, how are they used and perceived.
We will summarize recent trends in ebooks vs OA and speak in more details about future of monographs.
Eva Czegledi, Account Manager, ProQuest, South East Europe
Eva as the main contact point to content such as databases, archives, ebooks and videos provided by ProQuest, has been in this position for more than four years: Her responsibilities cover the South East European countries such as Slovenia, Hungary, Croatia, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Albania and Kosovo. Previously Eva worked for Ovid. Eva, having graduated in the Corvinus University, Budapest, aims to support the scientific communities in the new EU and accessing countries in the Balkan area.
If there had been citizen science in the previous centuries, print book and journal holdings as well as scholarly periodicals and newspapers would have been its major sources. If you want to check those online and see what these contents may reflect to the present researchers, then take a look at what ProQuest has to offer.
ProQuest supports citizen science through the rich archive of scholarly journals, newspapers and magazines and very importantly primary sources from the USA and UK government and legislation.
Archives covering the XX. century includes newspaper titles such as New York Times, Washington Post, The Boston Globe, The Guardian and The Observer etc or definitive online collection of early printed works in English, and works printed in England, from before 1700 are great source to citizen science. Not to forget about archives of magazines like Vogue, Variety etc, and the broad restrospective collection of scholarly journals covering 19th and 20th century.
ProQuest archives include important American government documents from 1945, in digitized collections and documents related to the most studied topics of U.S. history from the American Revolution to the last years of the 20th century.
Nicolo Pierini and Georg Wanek, Taylor & Francis
Nicolo’ Pierini works with institutions and consortia across Europe for the development of Open Access publishing with Taylor & Francis. Passionate about Open Research and how to find ways to bring academic research to the public, his long-term goal is drawing a strategy with authors and librarians to identify the best practices on how to make results of academic research understandable to the public. Graduated in Law, his other great passions are Jazz and Blues music, which he tries to pursue by playing the piano in various venues around Europe
Taylor & Francis is committed to working with institutions and authors to open their research, thereby achieving maximum impact. In this presentation, Nicolo’ Pierini, Open Access Executive, will outline the advantages of Open Research for all stakeholders.
Nicolo will present a variety of academic, public and policy-related benefits of open science, including examples of how this has worked at Taylor & Francis. He will also discuss the Conversion Project, highlighting our experience so far of converting journals to full open access.